Adi Shankaracharya's Work

Discussion in 'Hindu Saints' started by Enigma, Feb 19, 2015.

  1. Enigma

    Enigma New Member

    Adi Shankaracharya belonged to the Advaita School and was a renowned scholar who has written very many books which revolves around the philosophy of Advaita Vedanta explanation of the three sources which are as follows:

    · The Upanishads – It is a collection of the various forms of Vedic texts which in them contains the emergence of some of the very precious as being the earliest religious concepts around which three major religions of India revolves, namely Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. They are also known as the Vedanta which literally means the end of Vedas.

    · The Brahma Sutras – These are also known as the Vedanta Sutras and are very early description of thse Vedanta-interpretation of the Upanishads. Via Brahma Sutras the various strands of Upanishads were synchronised which is the very base of the early Hindu thoughts and their beliefs as well.

    · The Bhagavada Gita – The literal meaning of Bhagavada Gita is song of Gods, it is basically a narrative framework of the conversation which happened between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide who also drove his chariot during the war of Kurukshetra Lord Krishna, believed to be one of the avatars of Lord Vishnu.


    Adi Shankaracharya work is known to frame the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta and he did that with the help of the arguments which he had with other scholars and based them on the quotations from the Vedas and many other Hindu Scriptures as well. Major portions of his works are polemical which means that they are based on contentious arguments which were held to establish the truth of a specific teaching, and that being the teaching that Hinduism as a religion depicted. These arguments were mostly against the following beliefs:

    · Sankhya which is one among the six schools which followed Hindu Philosophy and was founded by Sage Kapila. It is a detailed philosophy that is very strongly based on dualist which regards the universe having two major realities which are Purusa which means consciousness and Prakriti which means phenomenal realm of matter.

    · Bauddha which is based on the Buddhist Philosophy and is based on the teachings and the preaching of Buddha.

    · Jaina which is based on the nontheistic Indian religion and prescribes the path of ahinsa which means non-violence for its followers, and which should be followed for any and all kinds of living beings.

    · Vaisheshika is also one among the six major Hindu schools and adopts a form of atomism and also depicts that all objects present in this physical universe can be reduced to a finite number of atoms.


    The following are the major classifications of the Adi Shankaracharya Works:

    Ø Bhasya which means commentary or exposition and was to be used in reference to the texts as well as the religious works. Few examples of Bhasya as Adi Shankaracharya Works are as follows:

    v Brahmasutra

    v Aitareya Upanishad

    v Brhadaranyaka Upanishad

    v Isa Upanishad

    v Taittiriya Upanishad

    v Katha Upanishad

    v Kena Upanishad

    v Chandogya Upanishad

    v Mandukya Upanishad

    v Mundaka Upanishad and many more


    Ø Prakarana Grantha which in the literal form meant philosophical treatise and the following were written under this bifurcation:

    v Vivekacudamani

    v Upadesasahasri

    v Pancikarana

    v AtmaBodha

    v SadhanaPancakam

    v Nirvana Satkam

    v ManisaPancakam

    v YatiPancakam

    v Vakyasdha

    v Tattvabodha

    v VakyaVitti and many more


    Ø Strota which are the devotional hymns and were composed for Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, Devi Mata, Lord Ganesha and Subhramanya, and the following are few of them:

    v GaneshaPancharatnam

    v Annapurnashtakam

    v Kalabhairavashtakam

    v DakshinamurthyStrotam

    v Krishnashtakam

    v BhajaGovindam

    v Sivanandalahari

    v Saundaryalahari

    v Siva Manasa Puja

    v SubramanyaBhujangam and many more
     

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