AdiShankaracharyaTeachings - the Philosopher of Advaita/Non-Dualism

Discussion in 'Hindu Saints' started by garry420, Feb 9, 2015.

  1. garry420

    garry420 Well-Known Member

    A Sanyasi on the go to promote the religion of Hinduism, this is how we would like to introduce the great scholar of Hinduism AdiShankaracharya, who roamed around India arranging and organising debates to preach the importance of Hinduism as a religions and its base found in the Upnishads which he diligently mentioned in his works.

    In his short life span he travelled extensively throughout India, and wrote several commentaries on Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and also Vishnu Sahasranama which are the AdiShankaracharya teachings. His spiritual ascendancy was proved during his debates with several Buddhist scholars and also the scholars of the PurvaMimamsa School, and among them the most renowned debate was that with Mandana Mishra. Going by the history, we understand that Mandana Mishra held the viewpoint that a person leading the life of a householder was far more superior than a person who had deliberately given off all the worldly duties and taken the refuge of Sanyasa which was the life of a monk. Mandana Mishra’s teacher was the famous philosopher KumarilaBhatta. KumarilaBhatta having committed a sin against his Buddhist Guru by learning Buddhist philosophy under a false pretence so that he could repudiate it, had committed a sin and hence buried himself in a slow burning pyre, but asked AdiShankaracharya to go to Mahismati where he would meet his disciple Mandana Mishra and he should debate with him. The debate protracted for fifteen days, with Mandana Mishra’s wife acting as a referee and after the duration of fifteen days ended Mandana Mishra had to accept his defeat. After this episode AdiShankaracharya travelled to Maharashtra and Srisailam, and then travelled to Gorkhana.

    Overall there were four maths which are popularly Shankara Maths that were established by AdiShankaracharya:

    · The Mutt in Sringeri which is in Southern part of India in Karnataka.
    · The Mutt in Dwaraka which is situated in the western part of India in the state of Gujrat.
    · The Mutt in Puri which is situated in the eastern part of India in the state of Orissa.
    · The Jyotirmath which is situated in the northern part of India in the state of Uttrakhand.


    Here is a summary of the AdiShankaracharyateachingswhich was noted by his closest disciple, and here are the ten shlokas or the crux of each of them:

    1. The five elements do no express my real nature; I am changeless and persist forever.

    2. I am above castes and creeds. I am seen when ‘maya’ is removed, and do not need concentration or worship as shown in Yoga Sutras

    3. I have no parents, I need no Vedas as proclaimed in the scriptures, no sacrifices, no pilgrimages. I am the eternal witness.

    4. All the teachings of various religions and philosophies do no reveal my true nature and are but shallow views of my deep being.

    5. I pervade the whole universe and am above, in the middle and below, in all directions.

    6. I am colourless, formless, light being my form.

    7. I have no teacher, scripture or any disciples, nor do I recognize Thou or I, or even the universe and am changeless and the absolute knowledge.

    8. I am neither awake, in deep sleep nor dreaming, but above consciousness with which the three are associated. All these are due to ignorance and I am beyond that.

    9. I pervade everything, everywhere and the eternal reality and self-existent. The whole universe depends on me and become nothing without me.

    10. I cannot be called one, for that implies two, which is not. I am neither isolated nor non-isolated, neither am I empty or full.
     

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