Chandogya Upanishad 1.1

Discussion in 'Upanishads' started by arjun_pandav, May 29, 2015.

  1. arjun_pandav

    arjun_pandav New Member Staff Member

    =====Cchandogya Upnishad:1.1=====

    “Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevayah”


    Translation by--> Swami Nikhilananda


    Chapter I — Meditation on Om

    -------------------------------------------

    ओमित्येतदक्षरमुद्गीथमुपासीत ।

    ओमिति ह्युद्गायति तस्योपव्याख्यानम् ॥ १. १. १ ॥


    1. The syllable Om, called the Udgitha, should be meditated upon; for people sing the Udgitha, beginning with Om. Now follows the detailed explanation of the syllable:


    एषां भूतानां पृथिवी रसः पृथिव्या अपो रसः ।

    अपामोषधयो रस ओषधीनां पुरुषो रसः

    पुरुषस्य वाग्रसो वाच ऋग्रस ऋचः साम रसः

    साम्न उद्गीथो रसः ॥ १. १. २ ॥


    2. The essence of all these beings is the earth; the essence of the earth is water; the essence of water is plants; the essence of plants is a person; essence of a person is speech; the essence of speech is the Rig—Veda; essence of the Rig—Veda is the Sama—Veda; the essence of the Sama—Veda is the Udgitha which is Om.


    स एष रसानाँरसतमः परमः परार्ध्योऽष्टमो

    यदुद्गीथः ॥ १. १. ३ ॥


    3. That Udgitha (Om) is the best of all essences, the supreme, deserving the highest place, the eighth.


    कतमा कतमर्क्कतमत्कतमत्साम कतमः कतम उद्गीथ

    इति विमृष्टं भवति ॥ १. १. ४ ॥


    4. What, then, is the Rik? What is the Saman? What is the Udgitha? This is to be considered.


    वागेवर्क्प्राणः सामोमित्येतदक्षरमुद्गीथः ।

    तद्वा एतन्मिथुनं यद्वाक्च प्राणश्चर्क्च साम च ॥ १. १. ५ ॥


    5. Speech, indeed, is the Rik; the vital breath (prana) is the Saman; the syllable Om is the Udgitha. Speech and the prana, or the Rik and the Saman, form a couple.


    तदेतन्मिथुनमोमित्येतस्मिन्नक्षरे सँसृज्यते

    यदा वै मिथुनौ समागच्छत आपयतो वै

    तावन्योन्यस्य कामम् ॥ १. १. ६ ॥


    6. And that couple become united in the syllable Om. When a pair come together they fulfil each other’s desire.


    आपयिता ह वै कामानां भवति य एतदेवं

    विद्वानक्षरमुद्गीथमुपास्ते ॥ १. १. ७ ॥


    7. He who knows this as stated above and meditates on the syllable Om, the Udgitha, becomes, indeed, a fulfiller of desires.


    तद्वा एतदनुज्ञाक्षरं यद्धि किंचानुजानात्योमित्येव

    तदाहैषो एव समृद्धिर्यदनुज्ञा समर्धयिता ह वै

    कामानां भवति य एतदेवं विद्वानक्षरमुद्गीथमुपास्ते ॥ १. १. ८ ॥


    8. This syllable Om is used to give assent, for wherever one assents to something, one says Om (yes). Now, what is assent is gratification. He who knows this and meditates on the syllable Om, the Udgitha, becomes, indeed, a gratifier of desires.


    तेनेयं त्रयीविद्या वर्तते ओमित्याश्रावयत्योमिति

    शँसत्योमित्युद्गायत्येतस्यैवाक्षरस्यापचित्यै महिम्ना

    रसेन ॥ १. १. ९ ॥


    9. By means of this syllable the threefold knowledge proceeds. When adhvaryu priest gives an order in a sacrifice, he says Om. When the hotri priest recites the hymn, he says Om. When the udgatri priest sings the Saman, he says Om. All this is done for the glory of the Imperishable Atman by the greatness of that syllable and by its essence.


    तेनोभौ कुरुतो यश्चैतदेवं वेद यश्च न वेद ।

    नाना तु विद्या चाविद्या च यदेव विद्यया करोति

    श्रद्धयोपनिषदा तदेव वीर्यवत्तरं भवतीति

    खल्वेतस्यैवाक्षरस्योपव्याख्यानं भवति ॥ १. १. १० ॥


    10. It may be contended that he who knows this true meaning of the syllable Om and he who does not, perform the same sacrifice and therefore must reap the same fruit. But this is not so. The results of knowledge and ignorance are different. Work that is done with knowledge, faith and the Upanishad (i.e. meditation on the deities) produces more powerful fruit. This is, verily, the detailed explanation of the syllable Om.


    “Shri Hari Om Tat Sat”
     

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