Chandogya Upanishad 1.4

Discussion in 'Upanishads' started by Hindu, Feb 20, 2015.

  1. Hindu

    Hindu Member Staff Member

    Meditation on Om as Fearlessness and Immortality
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    “Om Namo Bhagavage Vasudevayah”

    Translated by -> Swami Nikhilanand

    Khanda 1 Chapter 4
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    ओमित्येतदक्षरमुद्गीथमुपासीतोमिति ह्युद्गायति
    तस्योपव्याख्यानम् ॥ १. ४. १ ॥

    1. The syllable Om, called the Udgitha, should be meditated upon; for people sing the Udgitha, beginning with Om. Now follows the detailed explanation of this syllable.

    देवा वै मृत्योर्बिभ्यतस्त्रयीं विद्यां प्राविशँस्ते
    छन्दोभिरच्छादयन्यदेभिरच्छादयँस्तच्छन्दसां
    छन्दस्त्वम् ॥ १. ४. २ ॥

    2. The deities, afraid of death, entered upon the threefold knowledge. They covered themselves with the metrical hymns. Because they covered (acchadayan) themselves with the hymns, the hymns are called chhandas.

    तानु तत्र मृत्युर्यथा मत्स्यमुदके परिपश्येदेवं
    पर्यपश्यदृचि साम्नि यजुषि ।
    ते नु विदित्वोर्ध्वा ऋचः साम्नो यजुषः स्वरमेव
    प्राविशन् ॥ १. ४. ३ ॥
    3. As a fisherman might observe a fish in shallow water, so death observed the gods in the Rik, the Yajus and the Saman. They too came to know this, rose from the Rik, the Yajus and the Saman and entered the Svara (Om) alone.

    यदा वा ऋचमाप्नोत्योमित्येवातिस्वरत्येवँसामैवं
    यजुरेष उ स्वरो यदेतदक्षरमेतदमृतमभयं तत्प्रविश्य
    देवा अमृता अभया अभवन् ॥ १. ४. ४ ॥

    4. When a man has mastered the Rig—Veda he loudly utters Om; he does the same when he has mastered the Sama—Veda and the Yajur—Veda. The Svara is the syllable Om; it is immortal and fearless. The gods, by entering it, became immortal and fearless.

    स य एतदेवं विद्वानक्षरं प्रणौत्येतदेवाक्षरँ
    स्वरममृतमभयं प्रविशति तत्प्रविश्य यदमृता
    देवास्तदमृतो भवति ॥ १. ४. ५ ॥

    5. He who, knowing this, sings the praise of the syllable Om enters this same syllable, called the Svara, which is immortal and fearless. Having entered it, he becomes immortal as the gods are immortal.

    “Shri Hari Om Tat Sat”
     

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