Guru and Disciple

Discussion in 'Hindu Saints' started by Speechless world, Jan 9, 2016.

  1. Speechless world

    Speechless world New Member

    Ks'urasya dha'ra' nishita' duratyaya'
    "The edge of a razor is very sharp and difficult to walk on"

    The spiritual path, indeed, is very difficult to walk on, just like walking on a path strewn with sharp razors. The spiritual aspirant has to tread carefully, with extreme caution. For that reason, the disciple needs the help of the Guru at every step. Any negligence, any defect in the process of sadhana (meditation) can lead to the disciples's downfall.
    For this reason, the guru-disciple relationship is very important in Tantra practice. So the first step in Tantra is the selection of a competent preceptor and a worthy disciple. There is an analogy with agriculture:

    "The disciples's heart is a field; sadhana is the ploughing and irrigation of the field; and the preceptor's initiation is the sowing of the seed. If the seeds are defective, they will not sprout; if the field is infertile, the harvest will be poor; and even if the seed and the field are ideal, yet the field is not properly ploughed or irrigated, the harvest will be poor"

    Tantra scriptures classify the disciple in three categories:
    The First category is likened to a pitcher held inversely downwards in a water tub. When the preceptor is present, he remains full with the spiritual knowledge from the Guru, but as soon as the Guru leaves, it is like taking the pitcher out of the water, the disciple loses all knowledge given by the preceptor.
    The Second category is like a person who climbs up a plum tree to collect the plums from the thorny branches. However, on the way down they remain so absorbed with climbing down that they forget the plums they collected which fall down to the ground from their bag. These type of disciples learn many things from their preceptor, but lose all that precious knowledge out of carelessness.
    The Best category of disciple is the one like a pitcher submerged in water right side up. There is water all around and there is water inside as well. Even when the pitcher is taken out of the water, it remains full. These disciples carefully preserve in the core of their heart the precious jewels of spiritual knowledge for ever.

    As there is three types of disciple, also there is three categories of preceptor: Adama Guru, Madhyama and Uttama Guru.The Adama Guru usually teaches something to his students but he does not bother to know whether they are following his teachings. He neglects them and forgets about them. This is the worst type of guru.
    The Madhyama Guru, mediocre type of teacher, imparts his knowledge to his disciples and sees if they are following his instructions, but he is not very demanding and does not enforce any discipline with his charges.
    The Best type of Guru is the Uttama Guru or Sad Guru. He takes meticulous care that the disciple follows his teachings. If He discovers that the student is negligent, He applies circumstantial pressure for him/her to follow more strictly and painstakingly. This type of Guru loves and disciplines His disciples with equal measure but He loves more than His measure of strictness. Not only that, but remains by the side of His disciple until the student has attained his or her goal of liberation or Self-realization.
    The qualities of the best preceptors have been outlined in the Tantras'ara:

    Sha'nto danto kuliinascha shuddhaveshava'n
    Shuddha'ca'rii supratis'thita shucirdaks'ah subuddhima'n
    A'shramii dhyananis't'ashca tantramantra visha'radah
    Nigraha'nugrahe shakto gururityabhidhiiyate

    (Composed, self-controlled, adept in raising the kundalinii, modest, soberly dressed, exemplary in conduct, having an honest means of livelihood, pure in thought, well-versed in the spiritual cult, highly intelligent, a householder, established in meditation, well-versed in Tantra and mantra, able to both punish and reward the disciple -- only such a person deserves to be called a Guru.)

    Like the preceptor, a disciple should possess certain qualities, which are as follows:

    Shanto viniito shuddha'tma' Sharaddha'va'na dharanaks'ama'
    Samarthashca kuliinashca prajinah caccarito yatih;
    Evamadi gunaeryuktah shishyo bhavati na'nya'tha'

    "A disciple must always be ready to carry the instructions and commandsof the master. He or she must have the requisite knowledge and experience,and must have full control over the mind. One who is of noble soul, of noble conduct and of tranquil mind, who is modest and reverent, and possesses asharp memory and perseverance, who has all-round competence and is zealous in the practice of raising the kulakundalinii, and who is well-informed and self-restrained, is an ideal disciple"


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