Question: Why Hinduism has divided people into Casts? it's Castesm that has created problem today in society? Answer: Many people have misconception about Sanatan Dharma that it has provision for Castism which is not right. there is no castism in Sanatan Dharma, There is provision for Varna's (class) in which people were classified into four classes with relation to their aptitude and vocation. Four orders of society were recognized based upon the four duties of human beings and established society accordingly.It's completely upto person what varna he/she wants to choose and live life according to that, Varna has more than four meanings, first it means "Color" and second it means a "Veil" & third is "which is chosen" and fourth is "Race", As color it does not refer to the color of the skin of people, but to the qualities or energies of human nature. As a veil or class it shows the four different ways in which the Divine Self is hidden in human beings. Varna is not made to discriminate but to assimilate in a way to support the organized behavior of society or country by assigning social/cultural/individual duties i.e Dharma accordingly. Varna is a Sanskrit word made up of "VRIN" dhatu which means "Something which is chosen" i.e it's not superimposed but is selectively chosen by any individual. A similar usage happens in common used word “Varan” meaning “choosing” or “Var” meaning a husband chosen by the girl. This also shows that in Vedic system the girl had complete rights to choose her husband. In ancient India, these divisions were not based on birth but based on Qualifications & Skills or you can say Varna of any person depends on what skills & qualities person has & the way he contributes to society for his own living. There are four Varna's in Sanatan Dharma :- Bhramin, Khatriya, Vaishye and Kshudra.If any person who is doing business i.e has got business skills, that person belongs to the Vashye Varna. Any person who is a warier or serving in defense or security of the nation or is soldier in army or anywhere working or contributing in defense he is Kshatriye, A person who is knowledgeable and spread education in society through teachings or a person who can also be supreme advisor of the king who assists king to take right decisions, who is brain behind societies welfare and growth belongs to the Bhramin Varna. Bramins are also seen as the deity of the earth. A persons who may be laborer's or service providers, mostly workers in any factory or company, or in short person who most of the time executes or follows the orders of Kshatriya or Vaishya or Brahmin's belongs to the Kshudra Varna. In Hinduism varna is not assigned on the basis of Birth, Dynasty or Last Name, Any person can change his Varna by changing his work and skills like doctor can also become an actor or an merchant.. all 4 varnas are equal as human being and have same human rights but they will have different set of powers and responsibility on them thus there will we difference of respect between these 4 designations. In Ancient India there were Rishis (Sages or Researchers) like Rishi Vedvyasa who wrote Baghwat Gita, his mother was a Fisher Women & belonged to Kshudra Varna but her son Vedvyasa was a Bramin, Similarly there was another rishi Valmiki who wrote the Ramayana belongs to a dalit family (Kshudra) but valmiki was bramin because of his Guna (i.e Skills or Qualites) and Karma (Duties or Responsibilities), Similarly there was rishi Vishwamitra guru of lord Rama, Vishwamirta belongs to Kshatriya family but he was bramin himself, So by this you can understand that KARMA's and GUNA (Skills or Qualities) of any individual decided his/her Varna. So it is possible, that any person who is Shudra many have Bramin ancestors several generations ago, and any Bramin may have Shudra ancestors few generations ago! In fact Manu Smriti 3.109 clearly states that one who eats by glorifying his Family's Varna or Status is considered an eater of his own vomit. Thus, as per the Manu Smriti that the self-proclaimed birth-based Brahmins or upper-castes believe in, the very act of glorifying their varna to demand special privileges makes them deserving of condemnation. Misconceptions about Varna's begun after the Muslim rule in India, Muslim invaders destroyed Hindu culture killed more than 100 Million Hindu's , forcefully convert bramin's into Islam, demolished more than 40,000 Hindu temples, burned many Vedic litretures, and after that British did the rest of the manipulations in Vedic text books and did religious conversions. It's was after this era all confusions started about these concepts. Question: Does a new born child have any varna? Answer: No, a child cannot have any varna, b'coz child cannot have enough maturity to decide and choose Varna in which he is interested. A child is not even Arya (civilized) & he/she remains Anarya until he/she completes his/her education and chooses any one of the four varna. Question: Can i change my varna 10 times a day? Answer: you can change Million times a day, but this will be nonsense, if people goes like this then society will loose it's balance & it will become much difficult to manage such kind of society or country. There are several shlokas in Manusmriti that state that a person belonging to high Varna falls down to level of a Shudra (uneducated) if he does not conduct noble deeds. So, you just need to ignore your duties & responsibilities the society and corporate system in country will change your varna in anyway grin emoticon smile emoticon Question: Which varna is worst & filthy among all four you mentioned? Answer: Non-sense question, all varna's are same and have equal respect & value at the level of humanity, the difference occurs at the level of duties, designations and responsibilities. An employee must respect his manager and follow his orders, but a manager need not to follow orders of his subordinates. Question: Does Manusmriti teaches your society to gives equal respect to Shudra also ? Answer: Manu was a great humanitarian. He knew that not all Shudras miss their education deliberately. Thus he ensured that even Shudras should also get their due respect in society. Thus he never used any insulting adjective for Shudras. On contrary their are several instances of Manu using respectful adjectives for Shudras. According to Maharishi Manu: Being vulnerable due to lack of education, Shudras deserve greater sensitivity in treatment from rest of the society. Manusmriti Says: 3.112: If a Shudra or Vaishya comes as a guest, the family should feed him with due respect. 3.116: A householder should eat from remaining food only after he has fed the scholars and servants (Shudras) to their satisfaction. 2.137: A very old Shudra deserves more respect than anyone else regardless of their wealth, company, age, actions or knowledge. This special provision is accorded only to Shudra. In lines with Vedas, Manu also orders the ruler to ensure that the salary and perks of Shudras be never reduced in any circumstance. (7.125-126, 8.216) Question: Okay if that is so, then, Can a Shudra become teacher of Bramin? Answer: According to Manusmriti, YES, Even Shudras can teach Manusmriti says: 9.Though Shudra means an uneducated person but skilled (eg carpenter etc) & civilized person, a Shudra can also become a teacher for specific knowledge that he has about his skills. 2.238: One should acquire knowledge even from a person born in a low family otherwise. Similarly, one should accept a noble woman as wife even if her family is otherwise not up to mark. 2.241. If needed, one may acquire knowledge from one who is not a Brahmin; and that he shall follow and serve such a teacher, as long as the instruction lasts. Question: Does Shudras have right to study Vedas and conduct Vedic rituals? Answer: Vedas very clearly provided right to Shudras (and women) – in fact entire humanity – to study Vedas and conduct Vedic rituals like Yajna. Refer Yajurveda 26.1, Rigveda 10.53.4, Nirukta 3.8 etc. Thus Manu Smriti also supports the same Vedic truth. That is why nowhere in the context of Upanayan (education initiation) does Manu forbid Upanayan or sacred thread for Shudras. On contrary, one who refuses to accept Sacred Thread of education is called a Shudra! Question: If a person after acquiring all the knowledge & skills that a Bramin should have, behaves or serves not in a way a Bramin should serve a society, then would that person still be called as Bramin? Answer: ManuSmriti says: 2.157: A Brahmin devoid of education\skills or duties is equivalent to an elephant made of wood or a deer made of leather. They are merely namesake and not real. 2.28: The body is made fit to be called Brahmin only through study of scriptures, discipline, noble selfless deeds, study of duties, science, mathematics and meditation, charity and goal oriented actions. Question: Why today we see people asking for reservations on the name of casts like dalits? Answer: Constitution has special provisions for Schedule casts & tribes, and the parameter they have kept for detecting any schedule caste is their Last Name, whereas it should have been Skills & Profession. There are plenty of people with name Yadav who became IAS officers but still take benefits of schedule casts & think themselves as shudra's. Another reason is Politics, Politicians themselves don't want to reveal the real concepts, coz that will make them loose their votes.