Importance of Vidya and Avidya

Discussion in 'Upanishads' started by Speechless world, Dec 27, 2015.

  1. Speechless world

    Speechless world New Member

    Mundaka Upanishad

    First Mundaka

    Chapter I

    3 Saunaka, the great householder, approached Angiras in the proper manner and said: Revered sir, what is that by the knowing of which all this becomes known?

    4 To him he said: Two kinds of knowledge must be known—that is what the knowers of Brahman tell us. They are the Higher Knowledge and the lower knowledge.

    5 Of these two, the lower knowledge is the Rig—Veda, the Yagur—Veda, the Sama—Veda, the Atharva—Veda, siksha (phonetics), kalpa (rituals), vyakaranam (grammar), nirukta (etymology), chhandas (metre) and jyotis (astronomy); and the Higher Knowledge is that by which the Imperishable Brahman is attained.

    6 By means of the Higher Knowledge the wise behold everywhere Brahman, which otherwise cannot be seen or seized, which has no root or attributes, no eyes or ears, no hands or feet; which is eternal and omnipresent, all—pervading and extremely subtle; which is imperishable and the source of all beings.

    Thus one must not devote self in acquiring knowledge only but should always try to realize the supreme as the Isha upanishad (Yajur Veda-40) say----

    Into a blind darkness they enter who are devoted to rituals and rites(avidya); but into a greater darkness they enter who engage in meditation or knowledge of deity alone. [[I.U:-9]

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