Ramayan in Bharat

Discussion in 'Ramayana' started by garry420, Feb 7, 2016.

  1. garry420

    garry420 Well-Known Member

    In India too many adaptation of Ramayan are seen in different languages and during different times and situations. Apart from Valmiki Ramayan at least four more Ramayanas were written in Sanskrit. In the 12th century, Bhusundi Ramayana, Adbhuta Ramayana and Adhyatma Ramayana were written. The followers of Jainism adapted the epic in the form of Paumachariyan in the 3rd or 4th century in Prakrit In the 15th century, came the Ram Charitra Manas written by Tulsidas in Awadhi, a dialect of Hindi. In the 17thg century, came the Ananda Ramayana and Rama Balalika in Gujarati.

    Different versions were written in Assamese (Katha Ramayana), Bengali (Krittivas Ramayan) and Oriya (Jagamohan Ramayana). In Punjabi came Ramavatar, and Ramabalalila was written in Gujarati.

    The South Indian languages were not left behind. The Tamil version written in the 12th century was known as Kamban Iramavataram, Malayalam version was titled Ramacharitam, Rangganatha Ramayanam was the Teluga version, and Torave Ramyana was written in Kannada.

    Indian Muslims also contributed. In the 19th century Ramavatara Charita was written in Kashmir predominantly a Muslim area. Kerala Muslims have Mappila Ramayana. Being of Muslim origin, the hero of this story is a sultan.

    Indian Contemporary versions

    Contemporary versions of the Ramayana include Sri Ramayana Darshanam by Dr. K. V. Puttappa (Kuvempu) in Kannada and Ramayana Kalpavrikshamu by Viswanatha Satyanarayana in Telugu, both of which have been awarded the Jnanpith Award. A popular version called Geet Ramayan (Geet = song) in Marathi by G.D. (Gajanan Digambar) Madgulkar (also known as Ga Di Madgulkar or GaDiMA) was rendered in Music by Sudhir Phadke and is considered to be a masterpiece of Marathi literature. The popular Indian author R. K. Narayan wrote a shortened prose interpretation of the epic, and another modern Indian author, Ashok Banker, has so far written a series of six English language novels based on the Ramayana. In September 2006, the first issue of Ramayan 3392 A.D. was published by Virgin Comics, featuring the Ramayana as reinvisioned by author Deepak Chopra and filmmaker Shekhar Kapur.

    The Ramayana has been adapted on screen as well, in a television series from the 1980s of the same name by producer Ramanand Sagar, which was based primarily on Ramcharitmanas and Valmiki Ramayana. A Japanese animated film called Rama - The Prince of Light was also released in the early 1990s. Disney is also in talks to make an animated version of Ramayana for 2012.

    Ramayana landmarks

    Hindus believe that Rama actually existed, and there are several holy sites in India that point to the reality of Rama's existence, including his birth place, his palace, and the route of his journey to Sri Lanka. Amongst the ruins of the Vijayanagara empire near Hampi, is a cave known as Sugriva's Cave. The cave is marked by coloured markings. The place holds its similarity to the descriptions of 'kishkinda' in Sundarakanda. Rama is said to have met Hanuman here. The place is also home to the famous Hazara Rama temple (Temple of a thousand Ramas).

Share This Page