Sama Veda

Discussion in 'Sama Veda' started by Aum, Sep 15, 2015.

  1. Aum

    Aum New Member

    Samaveda is divided into three major parts and contains 1875 verses.

    The three divisions are Purvarchika, Uttararchika and Mahanamni archika.

    Uttararchika comprises of Sukatas, Mahanamniarchika has ten verses only and Purvarchika is divided into Agneya kanda (Chapter), Anindra kanda, Pavamana kanda and Aranya kanda. Most of the verses of Samaveda are repetition of Rig Veda only.

    But we are unable to know whether Rig Veda or Samaveda that is first in the order of precedence.

    Purvarchika is sung in two different forms namely 1. Gramageyagana 2. Aranyagana.

    Uttararchika is sung in two different forms namely 1.Oohagana 2. Uhyagana.

    The whole Samavedic hymns are sung in various metres ranging from 24 to 104. Of these Gayatri is 24 syllables.

    Samaveda is sung along with additional swaras that are called stobas. These stobas are representation of various deities like Earth, Moon, Indra, Agni, Vayu etc. So in one song they pray to more Godhead.

    This Veda had one thousand branches or Sakhas. These were different ways in which this Veda was recited but today only a few exist they are Kanva sakha, Kautuma Sakha, Jaimini sakha and Ranayana sakha. Priests known as Udgatir recite this Veda during Vedic rituals and yagnas.

    All Vedas are divided into Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishads.

    Samhita means literally well arranged in text format,

    Brahmana means the divinity explained,

    Aranyaka means reproduced in a forest or recited in a forest and

    Upanishad means what underlies the external matter or that which is within and this also means to sit near!

    In Sama Veda the Samhita portion is subdivided into the works of Gokarna Brahmins, Pancha Dravida Brahmins,

    Brahmanas are supposed to be eight in number, but now only, Jaimini, Kautuma, Ranayaniya Brahmana and Arsheya Brahmana are available.

    In Aranyaka the Jaiminiya sakha is recited as Talavakara samhita in the forest,

    the Upanishads are Chandokya Upanishad and Kena Upanishad are the two major Upanishads of Samaveda.

    Authors who have had the vision of Samaveda mantras and have helped to propagate this Veda are mentioned in what is known as Vamsa Brahmana! A portion of Vedic literature.

    According to it the Rishis are grouped as 1.Rishis
    2. Samagacharyas 3. Pravachanakarthas

    There are more than two hundred of them and during upakarma, tarpana offering is made to them their family members, their students along with the Devatas.

    Rishis are Deva rishis, Rishis, Raja Rishis, and Brahma rishis. This depends upon their status, in terms of their consciousness and their social standing with reference to their incarnate nature.
    Normally Vedas are chanted as Pada pata and Moola pata and the next stage is Jata pata and Ghana pata. Only Samhita portion is recited as Gana parayana.

    The rules governing the methods of chanting are given in Pratasakra and Uyasa siksha. There is a method of chanting that is known to Ganapatis called Varna kramam. Here each and every syllable is taken and analyzed and assigned gender and associated with the Devata and Adi Devata and accordingly recited.

    This eliminates any remote possibility of mistakes in recitation! When two groups alternatively chant Veda it is called “Charchai”. This terms literally refers to thread bare analysis.

    In Samaveda the riks are sung to musical notes and there are vocal variations and additional syllables are added that are known as stobhas! The vocal variations are called “Pushpas” and additional syllables are called “Stobhas”

    A “Cent” is a logarithmic unit of measurement of intervals. Twelve tone equivalent temperament divides the octaves into twelve semi tones of one hundred cents each. Normal adults will be able recognize about 25 cents at the lowest level. These are strictly adopted is recitation of Sama Veda.

    Thus proving that Samaveda has been the very source of Music as a science!

    There are many Sutras that belong to Sama Veda: 1.Arsheya kalpa 2.Kalpanupadam 3.Upa grandham 4. Anupagrandham 5.Latyayanam 6.Nidanam 7.Upanidanam 8.Pancha Vimsa 9.Rik tantra 10. Sama tantra 11.Mantra Lakshanam 12.Sthobanu sama haram 13.Gayatri Vidanam 14. Pushpam 15.Gopila grutyam 16.Karma pratheepam 17.Grhya sangraha and
    18.Srardha kalpam

    The earlier mentioned sthobas that are added to the syllables of Sama riks are as below:

    Ha, ha e, atha, e ha, E, U, A Au ho e, Him, svaram, yA, vak, hum, haU.

    HaU means Prtvi, Ha e means Vayu, atha means Chandra, itha means athma, E means Agni, A means invocation, u means Surya, Au ho e means vaiswanara, Him means Prajapathi , Vak mean Virat anna etc.
    Via :Samaveda the song of GODS
     

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