The Seven Chakras

Discussion in 'Spiritual Forum' started by Speechless world, Dec 27, 2015.

  1. Speechless world

    Speechless world New Member

    First of all, 'chakra' in Sanskrit means 'wheel'. It refers to any circular spinning object in general. Shivananda informs us that there are innumerable chakras, but there are 7 major chakras and these are the most significant of all chakras because Kundalini shakti (energy) flows through them. The bodies of all living entities contain chakras, but the alignment of their chakras can and does differ based on their form. For example, our 7 major chakras are vertically aligned along our spinal column but the 7 major chakras for a dog (or any other quadruped for that matter) will be horizontally aligned because they walk on four legs.

    Kundalini shakti is envisioned as a female serpent, but this is only a symbolic representation. Shakti or energy is always considered to be feminine whilst the wielding of energy is always considered to be masculine. But really, what seems to be two are actually one, as energy could not exist if it could not be wielded and there could be no wielding or controlling if there were no energy. The universal feminine principle (Shakti) and the universal masculine principle (Shiva) are both eternal and entirely equal to each other, entirely complimentary to each other and entirely interdependent on each other. They are symbolically represented respectively as wife and husband in eternal marriage. Because shakti is inherently feminine, different manifestations of shakti are often personified as goddesses or simply as beings of female gender. Because kundalini shakti lies dormant in three and a half coils at the muladhar chakra (corresponding to the sacrum bone of the physical body) for most people, it is represented as a female serpent.
    There are many lesser-known chakras lying below and above the 7 major chakras (but none above the sahasra chakra, which lies on top of one's head). These chakras are subsidiary to the 7 major chakras. One of these lesser-known chakras is the hrit chakra which lies just below the anahata chakra. Another one of these lesser-known chakras is the guru chakra, lying slightly above the ajna chakra.

    There are two main lines of yoga - dhyana yoga (where meditation is the main discipline) and kundalini yoga - and there is a marked difference between the two. The first class of yoga is that in which samadhi (non-dual state of super-consciousness) is obtained by intellectual processes of meditation and the like, possibly with the aid of auxiliary processes of mantra, hatha yoga (other than the arousal of Kundalini) and by detachment from the world; the second stands apart as that portion of hatha yoga in which, though intellectual processes are not neglected, the creative and sustaining shakti of the whole body is actually united with Supreme Consciousness. The two main lines of yoga differ in both method and result. Yoga, in and of itself, is pure science, a complete science throughout. Its methods are precise and without ambiguity, yet the results obtained are experiential and therefore no two people can and do share exactly the same resultant experience. Hence, yoga is a subjective science and cannot be properly scrutinised by standard empirical means. This is not intended to be a 'convenient' statement in any way whatsoever. All altered states of consciousness obtained through sincere and intense practice of yoga are INTERNALLY (as opposed to externally) generated.
    Before one studies kundalini yoga, knowledge of the nadis (ida, pingala and sushumna in particular), chakras and kundalini itself is absolutely essential.

    Nadis are astral tubes, made up of astral matter (which is less dense and hence more fine than physical matter), that carry pranic currents. They can be seen by astral sight only. They are not nerves as they are commonly believed to be, but tubes of extreme fineness that carry currents of subtle electricity. They arise from the kanda, which is the size and shape of a bird's egg and lies above the genital organ and below the navel.
    In the body of a human being, the total number of nadis is 72,000. Of these, the ten most significant ones are called ida, pingala, sushumna, gandhari, hastajihva, pusha, yasasvini, alambusha, kuhu and sankhini. Of those ten, the chief nadi is sushumna followed equally by ida and pingala. Ida is the leftmost channel; pingala the rightmost channel and sushumna the central channel. Ida is of a white colour, feminine, cool in temperature, is represented by the Moon (ie. lunar energy, not specifically of 'our' Moon but referring to a universal principle), is associated with the cosmic river Ganga, originates in the muladhar chakra and terminates up in the left nostril. Pingala is of a red colour, masculine, hot in temperature, is represented by the Sun (ie. solar energy, not specifically of 'our' Sun but referring to a universal principle), is associated with the cosmic river Yamuna, originates in the muladhar chakra and terminates up in the right nostril. Ida cools the body, pingala heats it up.
    Sushumna is the psychic nerve lodged in the hollow of the spinal column (brahma-danda). It is reckoned as the sustainer of our universe, the path of our universe and the path to salvation itself. Situated at the back of the anus, it is attached to the spinal column and extends to the brahmarandhra (the subtle hole through which kundalini bursts out of) of the head and is invisible and subtle. It runs along the length of the spinal column. The real work of a kundalini yogi begins when sushumna begins to function.

    The chakras are located in the astral body and are therefore not perceptible to our gross senses. Even if they were perceptible in the physical body which they help to organise, they disappear with the disintegration of the organism at physical death (but of course remain a part of the organism's astral body).
    As far as the 7 major chakras or energy vortices are concerned, they are often called padmas (lotuses) in Sanskrit. This is because each chakra has a particular number of 'petals' with a luminous letter of the Sanskrit alphabet shining on each petal. The vibration of sound produced at each petal is represented by a corresponding Sanskrit letter. The letters exist in the petals in a latent form and can be manifested, and the vibrations of the nadis felt, during intense concentration. That chakras are likened to lotuses with petals is not a poetic description by any means. Throughout the ages, yogis absorbed in super-consciousness have described the chakras which they were able to see and perceive as having an appearance similar to that of a lotus with the nadis as its petals. The muladhar, svadisthan, manipur, anahata, vishuddha and ajna chakras have 4, 6, 10, 12, 16 and 2 petals respectively. Thus all the 50 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet are on the 50 petals.
    At every chakra a particular element preponderates and there is a presiding deity and shakti (personified as a goddess). There is also a certain geometric figure, a certain colour, a certain bija (seed) mantra, a certain animal and a certain level of consciousness in the astral plane associated with each chakra. The animal denotes that the chakra in question has the particular qualities of that animal. I will now proceed to describe these chakra associations in greater detail:

    Muladhar Chakra
    Muladhar chakra is located at the base of the spinal column. It lies between the origin of the reproductory organ and the anus. This is the support, as all other chakras are above this one. The sacral plexus tentatively corresponds to this chakra. This chakra is where Brahma-Granthi (the knot of Brahma) is located.
    From this chakra, four important nadis emanate, giving the appearance of petals of a lotus. The subtle vibrations made by each nadi are represented by the Sanskrit letters: vam, sam, sham and sam (pronounced somewhat differently). This chakra is associated with the earth element (solid matter). The yellow square in the chakra is the corresponding symbol for the earth element. The bija mantra is 'lam' and the associated animal is the elephant called Airavata. Muladhar chakra is sovereign over the bones, flesh, skin and hairs of the body. Patience is its positive attribute and greed is its negative attribute. Self-survival is its desire. Collecting and saving is its activity. The four petals of this chakra represents the four cardinal directions (ie. south, west, east and north). Repetition of the bija mantra 'lam' removes insecurities associated with this chakra. Each chakra has a manifestation of the Shiva (male) and Shakti (female) deities. The male deity of muladhar chakra is Brahma, who brings peace of mind and calms one's fears. The female deity is Dakini Shakti, who bestows protection from danger. As already mentioned, the associated animal of this chakra is the Airavata elephant. The Airavata elephant searches for food and follows orders. It has 7 trunks representing the 7 different colours of the rainbow and the 7 functions of sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, defecation and sex.
  2. Speechless world

    Speechless world New Member

    Svadisthan Chakra
    Svadisthan chakra is located within the sushumna nadi at the root of the reproductory organ. It is sovereign over semen, blood, fat, urine and mucus. Purity is its positive attribute and attachment its negative one. Interaction with family and friends is its desire. Peaceful jobs is its activity. This chakra represents the water element (liquid matter). The animal is the crocodile. Within this chakra, there is a space like a crescent moon which is of a bluish hue. Its corresponding plexus is the prostate plexus.
    From this chakra, six nadis emanate like the petals of a lotus. The bija mantra is 'vam', the repetition of 'vam' opens up pranic blocks in the lower region of the body. The male deity is Vishnu, the embodiment of virtuous living. The female deity is Rakini Shakti, responsible for inspiration (particularly in regard to art and music). The crocodile brings sensuousness and ferocity.

    Manipur Chakra
    Manipur chakra is located within the sushumna nadi, in the region of the navel. This chakra corresponds to the solar plexus in the physical body. From this chakra emanate ten nadis which appear like the petals of a lotus. The vibrations produced by the nadis are represented by the Sanskrit letters: dam, dham, nam, tam, tham, dam, dham, nam, pam and pham. This chakra represents the fire element (plasmic matter). It is of the colour of dark clouds. Within the chakra, there is a space which is triangular in form. The bija mantra is 'ram' and the animal is, coincidentally enough, the ram. The Manipur chakra is sovereign over hunger, thirst, sleep, lethargy and digestion. Good health is its positive attribute and anger its negative one. Success and supremacy of will is its desire. Hard labour (labour which causes sweat) is its activity. Repetition of the bija mantra 'ram' increases bodily absorption and longevity. The male deity is Rudra, bestowing power, anger and detachment. The female deity is Lakini Shakti, who bestows independence. The ram bestows strength, pride, impetuousness and makes us charge head first into situations.

    Anahata Chakra
    Anahata chakra is situated in the sushumna nadi. It corresponds to the cardiac plexus in the physical body. The anahata chakra is of a deep red colour. Within it, there is a hexagonal space of a smokey purple colour. This chakra represents the air element (gaseous matter). The sound produced by each nadi is represented by the following Sanskrit letters: kam, kham, gam, gham, gnam, cham, chham, jam, jham, jnam, tam and tham. This chakra is where Vishnu-Granthi (the knot of Vishnu) is located. 'Yam' is the bija mantra here, the repetition of it helps control vital energy. It is akin to a wish-fulfilling tree (kalpa-vriksha) described in Vedic mythology. The anahata chakra is sovereign over running, hunting, using strength, contraction and expansion. Unconditional love is its positive attribute, restlessness its negative one. Action is its desire. Movement inside and outside the body is its activity. Ishana is the male deity here, giving peacefulness, benevolence and youthfulness (not just in a physical sense, but in a mental sense too). The female deity is Kakini Shakti, bestowing creativity (especially in regard to music, poetry and art). The antelope bestows to us its innocence, purity and sensitivity. The spiritual counterpart of our physical heart resides to the right of our physical heart. Our spiritual heart, Ananda Kanda, has 8 petals, representing 8 emotions: dullness, evil, anger, movement, joy, sexuality, charity and spirituality.

    Vishuddha Chakra
    Vishuddha chakra is situated within the sushumna nadi at the base of the throat. It represents the ether element (incorporeality). It is of a pure blue colour. From the centre emanate 16 nadis which appear like the petals of a lotus. The vibrations produced by the nadis are represented by the 16 Sanskrit vowels: am, aam, lm, llm, um, uum, rm, rrm, lm, llm, em, alm, om, aum, aam and ahm.
    The mandala is round in shape like the full moon and is white in colour. The bija mantra is 'ham', the repetition of which makes the voice melodious. This chakra corresponds to the laryngeal plexus in the physical body. Panchavaktra is the male deity, providing mundane knowledge, balance and perception of non-duality. Shakini Shakti is the female deity, providing transcendental knowledge, transcendental power, memory, wit, intuition and improvisation. This chakra is represented by a white elephant, which provides confidence, hearing and harmony with Mother Nature. This chakra is sovereign over affection, enmity, shyness, fear and attachment. Wisdom is its positive attribute, false ego is its negative one. Solitude is its desire. Thoughts and ideas are its activity.

    Ajna Chakra
    Ajna chakra is situated within the sushumna nadi and its corresponding centre in the physical body is at the space between the two eye-brows, which is known as trikuti. Pranava (AUM) is the bija mantra for this chakra. This chakra is the seat of the mind. There are two petals on either side of this chakra and the vibrations of these nadis are represented by the Sanskrit letters ham and ksham. This chakra is where Rudra-Granthi (the knot of Rudra) is located. This chakra is of a pure white colour. There is neither a geometrical design nor an animal here. The corresponding centre in the physical body is at the cavernous plexus. It is beyond all of the elements. It transcends all of the senses. Realisation of Atman (your true God-Self, which is eternal) is its sole attribute. Becoming non-acquisitive, a neutral observer, is its desire. Mercy, honesty and forgiveness is its activity. The repetition of the bija mantra 'aum' elevates the person from regular consciousness to super-consciousness. Here Shakti is finally reunited with Shiva (both Shiva and Shakti are personified as lovers). Shakti and Shiva experience a sexually intimate union here. It is not how a person might usually envision a sexually intimate union, as both Shiva and Shakti merge into one being, called Ardhanarishvara, of which the left half has a female form (Shakti) and the right half has a male form (Shiva). This union of Shiva and Shakti is unlimitedly and supremely blissful and orgasmic.

    Sahasrara Chakra
    The seventh and final chakra is known as sahasrara and contains a thousand petals. It is located at the top of the head. On each petal are all the 50 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet written 20 times over, signifying complete absorption in sound. The fontanelle that is located on top of the head is called the brahmarandhra (the hole of Brahman) and it corresponds to the sahasrara chakra, which is the abode of the soul. It bursts opens in a fully developed yogi when his or her prana leaves the body through this hole at the time of his or her leaving the physical body. Yogis call it sukha-mandala, the space of happiness. Kundalini is finally reunited with Shiva here. Each of the one thousand petals have all the 7 colours of a rainbow. There is only one presiding deity of this chakra and it is both masculine and feminine yet simultaneously neither. It is the Guru within (you). The person who successfully makes Kundalini reach this chakra instantly destroys all the karmic obligations of past lifetimes, this present lifetime and all potential karmic obligations that may arise in the future. The benefits that are derived by completely opening this chakra cannot possibly be described in words. The person becomes liberated while physically alive and need never return to this world again.
    I hope this thread has been informative to people, like me, who are fascinated by Kundalini and the 7 chakras.
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  3. Nimrat

    Nimrat New Member

    Very nice info Speechless world. Today's world must be aware of these things. Along with knowing Mahabharat and BhagvadGita other spiritual knowledge is also important. So along with the knowledge of Chakras one should also have knowledge on Chakra Sadhana related to each chakra.

    Chakra Sadhana also known as Chakra Meditation is the science of balancing and opening the 7 chakras of the body. Chakra Meditation requires personal consultation so that an individual knows the techniques for activating the chakras.

    One must attend chakra healing workshops and should constantly keep reading about spiritual blogs for peace and calm mind.

    ~Hari Om
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