What are the Hindu ideas of reincarnation and karma?

Discussion in 'Research on Hinduism' started by Aki Isoda123, Jul 22, 2015.

  1. Aki Isoda123

    Aki Isoda123 New Member

    In Hinduism, reincarnation means rebirth. Hinduism has numerous beliefs and values. Can anybody tell me Hindu ideas of reincarnation and karma?
     
  2. rahul malik

    rahul malik New Member

    Reincarnation, according to Hinduism, is a series of changes through which an individual passes.
    Hinduism believes in the rebirth and reincarnation of souls. The souls are immortal and imperishable. Each Life experience on earth and each incarnation of soul offers the jiva an opportunity to learn and overcome its inconsistencies and complete its karma.

    The soul therefore needs to be born again and again till it overcomes its state of dillusion and realizes its completeness.
     
  3. iandkrsna

    iandkrsna New Member

    According to Padma Purana there are different scriptures for worshiping different types of demigods. According to Caitanya Mahaprabhu such instructions only bewilder people into thinking that the demigods are supreme. Yet if one carefully scrutinizes and studies Puranas, he will find that Kṛṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the only object of worship.
     
  4. The term reincarnation is easily understood from the different parts of the word. ‘Re’ means again, repeated. ‘In’ is from Latin, and means “in”! ‘Carn’ in Latin is flesh. Incarnate means to be “in the flesh”, and reincarnate means to be in flesh again and again and again and again.

    Reincarnation is presented in the yoga text Bhagavad-Gita:

    Bhagavad-Gita 2:13

    As the embodied soul continuously passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. A self-realized soul is not bewildered by such a change.

    Bhagavad-Gita 2:22

    As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, similarly, the soul accepts new material bodies, giving up the old and useless ones.

    Bhagavad-Gita 2:27

    For one who has taken his birth, death is certain; and for one who is dead, birth is certain.

    There are 3 main reasons of Reincarnation:
    1. Desire
    2. Attachment
    3. Karma
    Karma and Reincarnation
    karma means action and the reactions of those actions are called Karmic Reactions. If a person acts piously the reactions will be good, whereas if he acts impiously he is bound to suffer the sinful reaction. This is called the law of karma,

    There are three Types of Karma

    Karma means, in this context, good actions which produce a good fruit, good karma – likened to good credit.
    Vikarma means bad or sinful actions which produce a bad fruit, bad karma – likened to bad credit.
    Akarma is action which is free from reaction – actions which create neither good nor bad karmic reaction. What are these actions? They are actions done in the service of God. This is also known as Karma Yoga. Actions done for the pleasure of God are transcendental to the law of karma. Such actions free the living entity and even burn up our previously accumulated karma:

    karmic reaction may be likened to a bank account, with a debit and a credit column. When one engages in vikarma, acting in a way that causes pain to others, one increases the debits, which then have to be paid back. In order to pay them back, to experience those results, one needs a body. When one engages in karma and acts in a materially good way, maybe by performing some act of charity or somehow benefitting others, one increases the credit in one’s account. This may seem a good thing, because then there are pleasurable, or good reactions due to one. But in order to experience those pleasurable material experiences one also needs a material body. And what comes along with the material body? Birth and death of course, and almost certainly disease, and if we’re lucky enough not to die early, old age!

    So good karma, or action helping others, also necessitates that we take on another material body to experience the good karmic reactions. Both karma and vikarma bind one to the cycle of birth and death. Only akarma, action done with no desire for any results for oneself, but done for the pleasure of the Supreme Person, does not bind one to the world, but actually frees one.
     

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