Who was Abraham? by Mataji Devi According to the universally recognized Bible (King James' version) a man called Abraham, who lived in the city of Ur in Sumer, received "a message" from God, who introduced himself by the name of Yahweh or Jehovah. The first contacts of Yahweh with Abraham and his descendents, as described in the Bible, are so weird that we are authorized to doubt about the real identity and nature of this Yahweh. From the Bible, we understand that Abraham was "chosen" by Yahweh to start a "new religion" that would destroy all other religions and establish the supreme political power of his descendents over the entire earth (Genesis, 12.2). Subsequently Abraham attacked the small city of Sodom with his servants and plundered it (Genesis 14.14-20) on the pretext of reclaiming his brother Lot who lived there (and who returned to live there after being "liberated" by Abraham). Pleased by his activities, Yahweh proposes to Abraham a "blood pact" (Genesis, 15.1-21) strikingly similar to the one that, according to the Gospel, Satan will propose to Jesus by offering material wealth and benefits, specifically possession and domination on all the land in exchange for worship. The ritual requested to evoke Yahweh is described with horrible details. A number of animals were slaughtered and their dead bodies put on an altar: a heifer, a she goat, a ram, a turtle, a dove and a pigeon. "When the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abraham, and lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him". His God had arrived – to us, he seems more like a demoniac visitation than a godly being. And the conversation that follows is not less frightening. In fact, Yahweh starts by promising a lot of sufferings for Abraham's own descendants, including slavery. In alternative, they could offer to Yahweh the sufferings and blood of others (other peoples or at least animals). We should remember here that demoniac entities feed on blood and suffering of others. The sign of the pact of all Abraham's descendents with Yahweh was genital mutilation, luckily dispensed with by most Christians (but not by Muslims). After this encounter, the "just and holy" Abraham had two children. The firstborn, Ismael, was kicked out from Abraham's house into the desert to die, together with his mother who was "just a slave", because he was born before the child of the other wife, Sarah. The Muslims say that Arabs are the descendents of Ismael. When the "legitimate" son was born (Israel, also called Isaac) of the "good wife", Abraham was ordered to kill him on his God's altar. Yahweh wanted to make sure that Abraham was ready to kill anyone, including his only son born in his old age, and after savoring that tasty situation of pain, fear and cruelty, when he had verified that Abraham had given up all signs of compassion, good sense and humanity, Yahweh at the last moment suggested Abraham to slaughter an innocent animal instead of the child. The entire Bible (Old Testament) is a long story of military conquests, massacres, deceits and betrayals ordered by Yahweh to increase the political power of his "chosen people" who forcibly invaded and occupied the "Promised Land" by wiping off the previous populations and cultures. We are then expected to be "inspired towards religion and love for God" by the story of entire cities or nations razed to ground and all their people slaughtered, including women and small children, or raped and enslaved, while thousands of priests of other religions were massacred (see the famous story of Elijah who incited the mob to slaughter all the priests of Baal), for the purpose of establishing God's supreme power. The Old Testament is full of the most horrendous crimes and not only against "enemies" belonging to other religions or cultures: we find brothers killing their own brothers by smashing their head, throwing them into wells or selling them into slavery. A "holy" King like David, considered very dear to God, had his general killed in order to appropriate his wives and properties, etc. Intoxication especially with wine was considered "divine" and women were barred from literacy and religious life. Rape and slavery were normal war strategies, and selling one's wife or daughters into prostitution was considered normal. Due to a famine in the land where Abraham had settled, Abraham moved to Egypt with his wife Sarah, where he became rich by offering his wife in prostitution and acquired many slaves (Genesis, 13.11-20, 13.1-3). However, Yahweh is not tender even with his own followers: a slight mistake, a shadow of doubt or hesitation shown by them, and the punishment is cruel. When the Jews left Egypt where they had lived for some time, Moses led them to Mount Sinai where he ascended the hill to receive the Ten Commandments from Yahweh. After waiting for many days without any news, the Jews were bored and organized a feast, eating, drinking and dancing. In the middle of the feast Moses came down the hill and, angry because the Jews had not waited indefinitely for his return, he broke the stone tablets with the Commandments and cursed the Jews to spend 40 years in the desert wandering aimlessly because "they had doubted". The book of Genesis in the Bible also tells us the story of how Yahweh treated the first two human beings he had created: he kicked them out from his Garden of Eden, condemning them to all sorts of pains and tribulations, just because they had eaten one apple from a "forbidden tree". When Bible theologians try to justify such a divine action with a deeper philosophical explanation, they only make it worse: the "apple" symbolizes Knowledge, that makes human beings akin to God Himself. Thus Yahweh wanted his human beings to remain ignorant; non-compliance with such condition entailed immediate expulsion from "Paradise", or "God's Garden". Anyway, finally the Jews reached their Promised Land (Palestine) and after wiping out the previous inhabitants, they settled down and started cultivating the land. Thomas Paine writes again: "When we read in the books ascribed to Moses, Joshua, etc., that they (the Israelites) came by stealth upon whole nations of people, who, as history itself shows, had given them no offence; that they put all those nations to the sword; that they spared neither age nor infancy; that they utterly destroyed men, women, and children; that they left not a soul to breathe- expressions that are repeated over and over again in those books, and that, too, with exulting ferocity- are we sure these things are facts? .... When the Jewish army returned from one of their plundering and murdering excursions, the account goes on as follows: Numbers, chap. xxxi., verse 13: 'And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp; and Moses was wroth with the officers of the host... which came from the battle; and Moses said unto them... (you have made a mistake by sparing the women and children). Now, therefore, kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known a man by lying with him; but all the women-children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.' Among the detestable villains that in any period of the world have disgraced the name of man, it is impossible to find a greater than Moses, if this account be true. Here is an order to butcher the boys, to massacre the mothers, and debauch the daughters. ... After this detestable order, follows an account of the plunder taken, and the manner of dividing it; and here it is that the profaneness of priestly hypocrisy increases the catalogue of crimes. Ver. 37 to 40, 'And the Lord's tribute of sheep was six hundred and three score and fifteen; and the beeves were thirty and six thousand, of which the Lord's tribute was three score and twelve; and the asses were thirty thousand and five hundred, of which the Lord's tribute was three score and one; and the persons were sixteen thousand, of which the Lord's tribute was thirty and two persons.' In short, the matters contained in this chapter, as well as in many other parts of the Bible, are too horrid for humanity to read or for decency to hear, for it appears, from the 35th verse of this chapter, that the number of women-children consigned to debauchery by the order of Moses was thirty-two thousand." Critic readers of the Bible also notice that in the Bible, God keeps cursing his own creation, considers some animals abominable, orders genital mutilation (on themselves and their children) to his followers as the most important sign of their devotion, and plans genocide and mass murder of people (of entire cities as in Sodom and Gomorra, and of the entire planet in the Great Flood) because of their "bad nature". It is quite natural then to wonder why he couldn't have done things right in the first place while creating: the only answer that is possible, according to the writers of the Bible, is that God enjoys the suffering of his creatures. So the God presented in the Bible is evil, bloodthirsty and intolerant, hates knowledge, peace, beauty, love, happiness and healthy pleasures, and his greatest pleasure is humiliating and torturing his own creatures. The first nine chapters of the Leviticus are dedicated to detailed rituals for animal sacrifices, to be observed "forever as a statute", and animal sacrifices are again detailed in several other books of the Bible. For example, God orders a treatment for leprosy by sprinkling the patient with the blood of a bird and a lamb, and oil in a ritual way, something that actually looks like a demoniac black magic practice. Contd..